Podcast Advertising & Sales Glossary


Actuals The number of real Impressions a flight has already received.
Ad Ops (aka Advertising Operations) The team, processes, and systems that support the sale and delivery of advertising campaigns.
Ad Server A system used by the ad ops team to set up, deliver, and report on ad campaigns.
Ad-free Refers to an episode that intentionally does not have ads running on it, typically per producer request. These episodes should be tagged with the Screen_Shot_2021-10-04_at_3.21.52_PM.png label. 
Allocations The daily Inventory counts reserved by a Flight. May include additional targeting info such as Episode, Country, State, Keywords, etc.
Allocation Statuses

Track the progress of a flight in relation to its impression goal within the system:

Ok: Your flight is on track to deliver all its targeted impressions successfully.

Error: Your flight might not have enough impressions available to meet the total goal. Human intervention may be needed to ensure the flight can deliver its goal in full.

Queued: This flight is in a line with other flights to receive an allocation calculation.

Running: The allocation calculation is currently in progress.

Availability The amount of unreserved Inventory left in the system (subtract the Allocations for whatever days/targeting you’re looking at).
Baked-in Flight

In the early days of podcasting, before dynamic ad insertion, producers would edit in the ads to the MP3 itself. Every listener would hear the ad. We feel there is still utility to simulate this experience using dynamic ad insertion.

Baked-In Flights will serve exclusively and in unlimited amounts on their days, taking all allocations away from all other flights. They have the highest priority in Dovetail's system.

Examples of when to use a baked-in flight: Sonic IDs, Billboards, High priority show announcements that need to be on every download, New Podcasts (when an accurate forecast may not be known), or instances when an advertiser buys every impression within a target.
Campaign An organized directive by a company/sponsor/brand or a representative of a company/sponsor/brand (like an advertising agency) to promote a product or service of said company/sponsor/brand. An insertion order is signed by both parties to agree upon the terms of the campaign.

In our terms, this represents an Inventory Order (IO) for a single advertiser. It can contain many Flights.
Capped Fight

With dynamic ad insertion, we can balance the priority at which most I/Os are delivered against one another. This is where Capped Flights come in.

Capped Flights will serve with other competing Capped Flights during their date range, according to their provided priority, until the total goal is reached. Any competing Baked-in flights will be served first before capped flights are considered. Any competing Remnant flights will be served after all capped flights have been served. 

We consider Capped Flights to be the default type for typical I/O set up. 

The Priority field is unique to Capped Flights. It allows Ad-Ops teams to balance priorities against each other. Dovetail will serve the lower-numbered priorities first. That is: 1 is the top priority.

Use the Daily Minimum and Velocity fields to signal to Dovetail the rate at which impressions should be delivered. By default Dovetail attempts to deliver impressions evenly (proportionally per day) across the given time range. If delivering fast, this flight will attempt to deliver as many impressions as available early in the date range.
Clean Audio Audio segments that contain only episode content (no ads or promotional announcements.)
Download Floor
The minimum number of downloads allocated for ad placement applied per day, per ad zone.
Dynamic Ad Insertion A technical process that allows the entire catalog of a podcast feed to be monetized through ad sales. A listener request for episode playback will be sent to a server that will identify the location of the listener and the requested episode. The appropriate podcast episode files will be pulled from a content management system and the appropriate ads will be pulled from an ad-server. The files will be stitched together and returned to the listener as seamless audio.
Flight One or more MP3 ads plus a set of targeting information to serve with a podcast. Configured with Zones, a date-range, and an Impression goal. Ads are fulfilled by reserving Allocations against future Inventory. The ad MP3 files are sometimes referred to as “Creatives”.
Flight Statuses

Track how inventory is managed within a flight in the system:

Draft:  Previews the flight targets and available inventory.

Hold: Inventory is allocated and reserved [for 5 days]

Sold: Inventory is held, the campaign can be approved once the creative is finalized.

Approved: The flight is published and is running or will run when scheduled.

Paused: The flight is approved but has been manually stopped.

Cancelled: The flight has been cancelled. Already consumed impressions have been counted for reporting purposes.
Flight Targets

By default, flights will be available to be heard on every download (based on availability) unless specified. Here are the targets that Dovetail supports.

Country: Only downloads with IP addresses in the selected country will receive the flight.

Episode: The creative will only appear on the selected episode.

DMA Code: Only downloads with IP addresses in the selected metro area will receive the flight.

Subdivision: Only downloads with IP addresses in the selected state, province, region, or territory will receive the flight.

Keyword: The flight will only appear on episode downloads containing the provided keyword.

Dropdate After: The flight will only appear on new episode downloads after the specified date.

Agent: The flight will only appear on downloads on the selected podcast player or device.

Referrer: The flight will only appear on downloads or streams when the player is embedded on a specific domain. 
Flight Types The Flight Type field in the Impressions section, helps determine how impressions will be delivered and how the flight's impressions will delivered against all other competing flights. There is a built in priority to each type, so the distinctions are important. See Baked-in Flight, Capped Flight, or Remnant Flight.
Forecast The daily forecasted Downloads we expect a podcast to receive in the future. May also be broken out by Episode, Country, State, Keywords, etc.
Geo-targeting Using a listener's location (based on IP address) to determine which ads should be delivered to them. Geo-targeting is based on DMA (Designated Marketing Area in the U.S.), State/Province, or Country.
Historical Data
Download data available from the earlier life of the podcast.
House Ad An ad produced at the behest of the podcast producer or podcast producer’s marketing team, promoting a live event, merchandise, survey, fundraiser, cross-promote another show (producers may agree to promote another show, that does the same for them), or other announcement. This type of ad is identical to a paid ad on the technical end, but does not generate revenue and is typically run in a house ad zone.
IAB The International Advertising Bureau. Sets industry standards for ad sales and metrics, like determining what can be counted towards download numbers.
Impression An impression is a full ad that has been downloaded within a podcast download. Also defined in the IAB 2.1 Podcast Measurement guidelines, the listener must have downloaded all of the bytes in the episode MP3 file where the ad can be heard to be counted. Also see: “Actual
Insertion Order (aka IO) A contract/agreement between two companies, for one to deliver services for the other, promoting an advertising campaign or campaigns.
Inventory The daily number of Impressions available for ad Zones to be sold into in the future. (Equal to the Forecast multiplied by the ad Placements - original segment Zones do not get Inventory).
Inventory Regeneration
Reassessment and report of the ad delivery. The selected Regeneration Period Days can range from every day up to every ten days.
Paid Ad An ad paid for by an outside company (i.e., Casper, Quip, Progressive). Copy is provided by the advertiser and the ads are produced by either the podcast producer(s) or the PRX production team.
Placements/Show Structures The configured layouts of a podcast’s audio segments. Each is made up of a list of Zones. If there are no placements configured for an audio template, vanilla/ad-free audio will be served. Example: [Preroll1 Preroll2 Original1 Midroll Original2 Postroll]
Podcast ID

The feeder number of the ID as shown in the PRX Feed in the “Podcast Info” tab of a series in Publish.

Remnant Flight

Remnant Flights are the lowest priority and will serve in equal proportions with other competing Remnant Flights during their date range. You can either set a total goal after which the flight will stop, or leave the field blank to serve an unlimited amount.

Any competing capped or baked-in flights will be served first before remnant flights are even considered. 

We recommend using Remnant Flights along with VAST tags or in situations where you want something to fill an ad slot if no other ads are available
Scale Factor
The scale of inventory for the series, in terms of a multiplier. (eg: 1 is normal, while .75 is 75% or ¾ of normal, and 1.25 is 1¼ or 25% more than normal)
Sections A grouping of consecutive ad Zones into a single block. May also distinguish between “paid” and “house” ads. Example: Preroll (containing both Preroll1 and Preroll2)
An acronym that stands for Video Ad Serving Template. VAST is a way for multiple ad servers to communicate and serve ads, replacing individual ad audio files for a campaign with a VAST URL.
Zone A single audio segment within an episode, including both original and ad segments. Example: House Preroll 2


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